Hisn Al Muslim
Min Athkar Al Kitaab Was Sunnah
by Sa'eed Alqahtani
Upon Mounting transport - Dua for Travel - Upon entering town - when entering Market - Dua of the traveller for the resident - Dua of the resident for the traveller - Rememberence while ascending or descending - Dua as dawn approaches - Stopping or lodging somewhere - Returning from travel
89. Invocation for riding in a vehicle or on an animal
(197) Bismillaah , Alhamdu lillaah . Subhaanal-lathee sakhkhara lanaa haathaa wa maa kunnaa lahu muqrineen. Wa 'innaa 'ilaa Rabbinaa lamunqaliboon . Alhamdu lillaah, alhamdu lillaah, alhamdu lillaah, Allaahu 'Akbar, Allaahu 'Akbar, Allaahu 'Akbar, subhaanakal-laahumma 'innee dhalamtu nafsee faghfir lee, fa'innahu laa yaghfiruth-thunooba 'illaa 'Anta.
With the Name of Allah . Praise is to Allah . Glory is to Him Who has provided this for us though we could never have had it by our efforts. Surely, unto our Lord we are returning. Praise is to Allah. Praise is to Allah. Praise is to Allah. Allah is the Most Great. Allah is the Most Great. Allah is the Most Great. Glory is to You. O Allah, I have wronged my own soul. Forgive me, for surely none forgives sins but You.
Reference: Abu Dawud 3/34, At-Tirmithi 5/501. See also Al-Albani, Sahih At-Tirmithi3/156.
90. Invocation for traveling
(198) Allaahu 'Akbar, Allaahu 'Akbar, Allaahu 'Akbar, Subhaanal-lathee sakhkhara lanaa haathaa wa maa kunnaa lahu muqrineen. Wa 'innaa 'ilaa Rabbinaa lamunqaliboon. Allaahumma 'innaa nas'aluka fee safarinaa haathal-birrawattaqwaa, waminal-'amalimaa tardhaa, Allaahumma hawwin 'alaynaa safaranaa haathaa watwi 'annaa bu'dahu, Allaahumma 'Antas-saahibu fis-safari, walkhaleefatu fil-'ahli, Allaahumma 'innee 'a'oothu bika min wa'thaa'is-safari, wa ka'aabanl-mandhari, wa soo'il-munqalabi fil-maaliwal'ahli.
‘Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, How perfect He is, The One Who has placed this (transport) at our service, and we ourselves would not have been capable of that, and to our Lord is our final destiny. O Allah, we ask You for birr and taqw ain this journey of ours, and we ask You for deeds which please You. O Allah, facilitate our journey and let us cover it’s distance quickly. O Allah, You are The Companion on the journey and The Successor over the family, O Allah, I take refuge with You from the difficulties of travel, from having a change of hearts and being in a bad predicament, and I take refuge in You from an ill fated outcome with wealth and family.’
birr and taqw a: two comprehensive terms which individually, refer to all good actions and obedience i.e. performing the commanded actions and avoiding the prohibited actions. When combined together, birr refers to doing those actions which have been commanded and taqw arefers to avoiding those actions which have been prohibited.
A successor: one who succeeds another due to the latter’s absence or death. This is the correct meaning of the word khaleefah; thus, it is incorrect to believe that Adam is the khaleefah (vicegerent, as is commonly translated) of Allah on earth because Allah is never absent, and will never die. This supplication proves the correct understanding of this term and shows that Allah succeeds us and guards whom we leave behind when we die or are absent.
(Upon returning recite the same again adding :)
'Aa'iboona, taa'iboona, 'aabidoona, Lirabbinaa haamidoon.
We return repentant to our Lord, worshipping our Lord, and praising our Lord.
Reference: Muslim 2/978.
91. Invocation for entering a town or city
(199) Allaahumma Rabbas-samaawaatis-sab'i wa maa 'adhlalna, wa Rabbal-'aradheenas-sab'i wa maa 'aqlalna, wa Rabbash-shayaateeni wa maa 'adhlalna, wa Rabbar-riyaahi wa maa tharayna. 'As'aluka khayra haathihil-qaryati wa khayra 'ahlihaa, wa khayra maafeehaa, wa 'a'oothu bika min sharrihaa, wa sharri 'ahlihaa, wa shard maa feehaa.
O Allah, Lord of the seven heavens and all they overshadow, Lord of the seven worlds and all they uphold, Lord of the devils and all they lead astray, Lord of the winds and all they scatter. I ask You for the goodness of this town and for the goodness of its people, and for the goodness it contains. I seek refuge in You from its evil, from the evil of its people and from the evil it contains.
Reference: Al-Hakim who graded it authentic and Ath-Tfaahabi agreed 2/100, and Ibn As-Sunni (no. 524). Al-Hafidh graded it good in his checking of Al-'Athkdr 5/154. Ibn Baz said in Tuhfatul-'Akhydr p. 37, that An-Nasa'i recorded it with a good chain of narration.
92. Invocation for entering a market
(200) Laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, yuhyee wa yumeetu, wa Huwa hayyun laa yamootu, biyadihil-khayru, wa Huwa 'alaa kulli shay'in Qadeer.
None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no partner. His is the dominion and His is the praise. He brings life and He causes death, and He is living and does not die. In His Hand is all good, and He is Able to do all things.
Reference: At-Tirmithi 5/291, and Al-Hakim 1/538. Al-Albani graded it good in Sahih Ibn Majah 2/21 and Sahih At-Tirmithi 3/152.
93. Invocation for when your vehicle or mount begins to fail
With the Name of Allah.
Reference: Abu Dawud 4/296. Al-Albani graded it authentic in Sahih Abu Dawud 3/941.
94. The traveler's invocation for the one he leaves behind
(202) 'Astawdi'ukumul-laahal-lathee laa tadhee'u wadaa'i'uhu.
I leave you in the care of Allah , as nothing is lost that is in His care.
Reference: Ahmad 2/403, Ibn Majah 2/943. See also Al-Albani, Sahih Ibn Majah 2/133.
95. The resident's invocations for the traveler
(203) 'Astawdi'ullaaha deenaka, wa 'amaanataka, wa khawaateema 'amalika.
I leave your religion in the care of Allah , as well as your safety, and the last of your deeds.
Reference: Ahmad 2/7, At-Tirmithi 5/499. See also Al-Albani, Sahih At-Tirmithi 2/155.
(204) Zawwadakal-laahut-taqwaa, wa ghafara thanbaka , wa yassara lakal-khayra haythu maa kunta.
May Allah give you piety as your provision, forgive your sins, and make goodness easy for you wherever you are.
Reference: At-Tirmithi. See Al-Albani, Sahih At-Tirmithi, 3/155.
96. Glorifying and magnifying Allah on the journey ( While ascending and Descending)
(205) Jabir (RA), said: Whenever we went up a hill we would say Allaahu 'Akbar (Allah is the Most Great) and when we descended we would say Subhaanallaah (Glory is to Allah).
Reference: Al-Bukhari, cf. Al-Asqalani, Fathul-Bari 6/135.
97. The traveler's invocation at dawn
(206) Sami'a saami'un bihamdillaahi wa husni balaa'ihi 'alaynaa. Rabbanaa saahibnaa, wa 'afdhil 'alaynaa 'aa'ithan billaahi minan-naar.
He Who listens has heard that we praise Allah for the good things He gives us. Our Lord, be with us and bestow Your favor upon us. I seek the protection of Allah from the Fire.
Reference: Muslim 4/2086, the meaning of sami'a saami'un (who listens has heard) is that 'a witness has witnessed our praise of Allah due to His blessings and favor upon us.' It could also be read samma'a saami'un, in which case it means 'one who has heard this statement of mine will convey it to another and he will say it as well.' This is due to the attention given to the Thikr (remembrance of Allah) and supplications made during the early morning hours. The meaning of his saying 'Our Lord, be with us and bestow Your favor upon us' is: 'Our Lord, protect us and guard us. Bless us with Your numerous bounties, and avert from us every evil.' See An-Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim 17/39.
98. Invocation for a layover (stopping along the way) on the journey
(207) 'A'oothu bikalimaatil-laahit-taammaati min sharri maa khalaq.
I seek refuge in the Perfect Words of Allah from the evil of what He has created.
Reference: Muslim 4/2080.
99. What to say upon returning from a journey
(208) Laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa 'alaa kutti shay 'in Qadeer, 'aa'iboona, taa'iboona, 'aabidoona, lirabbinaa haamidoona, sadaqallaahu wa'dahu, wa nasara 'abdahu, wa hazamal-'ahzaaba wahdahu.
None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone , Who has no partner . His is the dominion and His is the praise , and He is Able to do all things. We return repentant to our Lord, worshipping our Lord , and praising our Lord . He fulfilled His Promise, He aided His slave, and He alone defeated the Confederates.
Reference: Bukhari 7/163, Muslim 2/980. The Prophet (SAW) used to say this when returning from a campaign or from Hajj
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